Importance’s Of Fertilizers
Aeration is the process of puncturing ,perforating ,creating small holes through the soils which enhances better penetration of oxygen, water and nutrients in the soil which improves plants growth.
Fertilizers are natural or synthetic materials added to the soil, plants or part of the plant which improves the growth, fertilization and yielding of the plants, this is achieved by either the fertilizers providing nutrients or enhancing effectiveness of the soil to aerate or increase its water retention.
Fertilizers increase the ability of soils to produce maximum, give healthy and products quality and this can be achieved through aeration and good water retention and it’s done through adjustment of the soils composition.
There are different types of fertilizers with different functions when applied; fertilizers provide various proportions in the soil like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium nutrients,nitrogen gives the leaf growth; phosphorus helps in fruit, flower and root development while potassium gives strong growth, enables water movement and promotes flowering.
Fertilizers are used commonly for growing all crops with application rates depending on some important factors which include the type of plant and also fertility of the soils; some plants do not need nutrients because they can naturally make for themselves like legumes which make their nitrogen.
For higher yielding and productions, aeration of the soil and application of fertilizers should be the first priority as they increase plants and root growth; supply of oxygen to the roots and removal of carbon dioxide is very essential for healthy plant growth. Because of inadequate oxygen supply in the soils, plants may retard or completely die when carbon dioxide accumulates fully.
The rate of microbial activity in the soil is determined by how well the soil is aerated as these microorganism require oxygen as they are still living things.
If there is poor aeration in the soil, waste gases may never get a way out of the soil and may end up bidding up with nutrients forming hazardous gases that may lead to abrupt drying of crops.
Fertilizers assist to increase yields and promote healthy growth of plants; plants which have been well cultivated and given the correct type of fertilizers end up giving higher yields. In fact some nutrients like phosphorus in fertilizers aids in the faster formation of seeds and root development.
Fertilizers increase the ability of plants to hold water and thus becoming more resistant in cases of drought; those containing potassium nutrient are the best as they help in strengthening of stalk and straws of plants.
Fertility of soils is determined by how the soil is aerated and how much fertilizer is in that soil. Fertilizer’s function is to improve fertility and texture and fertilizers like manure serves the best soil enhancer eradicating soil problems.
Application of natural or synthetically made manures put the soil in long-term benefit as soil can last long being aerated and supporting microbial activities in the soil and next farming season one may not be forced to apply any but still get the best results.